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Full text of "Announcement of courses in the Dental School : for the academic year ..."

c 

Northwestern 

University 

Bulletin 



Dental School 

Thirty-third Annual 
Announcement 

1919-1920 



Volume XX, Number 4 July 26, 1919 

Published Weekly by Northwestern University 

Northwestern University Building 

CHICAGO 



Northwestern 
University 

EVANSTON and CHICAGO 



Dental School 

Thirty-third Annual 
Announcement 

1919-1920 



Published by the University 
July, 1919 



Dental School Calendar 

1919-1920 
1919 

Sept. 29 Mon. Examinations for advanced standinjj bi^^ln 

Oct. 7 Tue. Academic year begins 

Oct. 18 Sat. Last day for entrance in course 

Nov. 27 Thu. Thanksgiving Day 

Dec. 20 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 

1920 

Jan. 5 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess 

Feb. 2 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin 

Feb. 2 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins 

Feb. 9 Mon. Second semester begins 

Feb. 12 Thu. Lincoln's Birthday 

Feb. 22 Sun. Washington's Birthday 

Feb. 28 Sat. Practitioner's Course ends 

May 30 Sun. Memorial Day 

May 31 Mon. Senior examinations begin 

June 7 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- 
gin 

June 14 Mon. Commencement Banquet 

June 15 Tue. Home Coming Clinic 

June 16 Wed. sixty-second annual commencement 



The University 

ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met In the City 
of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street, 
near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. 
Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant 
Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard'Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- 
sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. They 
agreed that "the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate 
establishment of a University in the Northwest," and appointed a 
committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 
28, in the next year, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that 
incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The 
name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern 
University. 

The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some 
of w^hom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The 
corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees 
elected by the Board, and two elected, by each of three annual con- 
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of forty- 
two. 

The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular 
religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the 
institution. 

Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may 
become departments of the University; that all property of whatever 
kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation 
shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no 
spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or 
otherwise Vv'ithin four miles of the location of the University. 

After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the 
Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of 
Lake Michigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here 
in 1855 the first University building was erected, and about this 
location has grow^n up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential 
city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of 
Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in the city of 
Chicago. 



Northwestern University Dental School 
Administrative Officers 

Lynn Harold Hough, B.A., B.D., D.D., President of the University. 
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean Emeritus. 
Arthur Davenport BLick, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Dean. 
Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S,, Secretary. 

The Faculty 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., Sc.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral 

Surgeiy. 
Arthur Davenport BLick, M.A., M.D., D.D.S. , Professor of Dental 

Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. 
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and 

Ethics. 
James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor Emeritus of Prosthetic 

Dentistry. 
Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiolog>'; Instructor in 

Physical Diagnosis. 
Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. 
Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental 

Pathology. 
Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. 
Harry Isaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Anatomy. 
Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Pathology; 

Lecturer on Anaesthesia; Assistant in Oral Surgery. 
William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; 

Curator of the Museum. 
Newton George Thomas, M.A., D.D.S., Professor of Biology and 

Histology. 
Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. 
Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative 

Dentistry; Superintendent of the Clinic. 



I'HE DENTAL SCHOOL 



William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Histology. 

Roscoe Leaton Stout, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic Den- 
tistry. 

George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English. 

Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Special Research Investigator; in 
charge of the Research Laborator)^ 

Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Lecturer in Economics. 

George Edward Me.ver, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Floyd DeWitt Leach, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography. 

Alichael Joseph Buckley. D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia. 

Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- 
tistry; in charge of Freshman and Sophomore Laboratories. 

William Spencer Ryan, M.D., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica ; 
in charge of Materia Medica Laborator}^ 

Charles Edward Wach, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia 
Medica. • , 

James Perrie Smith, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Stanley William Clark, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia; Demon- 
strator in Operative Dentistry. 

Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery; 
in charge of Extraction Clinic. 

Charles George Sholes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Lladislaus J. Nalencz-Koniuszewski, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic 
Dentistry. 

Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Richard Leslie Bower, D.D.S., Instructor in Pathology. 

Clarence Edwin Matteson, D.D.S., Instructor in Physiology; in 
charge of Physiology Laboratory. 

Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia 
and in Materia Medica. 

Arthur Sanford Becker, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

George F. Biddison, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Lester Paul Graffin, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 



8 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Herbert Scott Ray, D.U.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistr>- ; in 
charge of Freshman Operative Technic Laboratory-. 

Stanley Daniel Tylman, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Harvey Hubert Vickers, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Leon A. Marks, Ph.G., Instructor in Chemistry; in charge of Chemi- 
cal Laboratory. 

Henry Plummer Westaby, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography and in 
Operative Dentistr>\ 

George Weld Sargeant, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Gerald Eugene Wadleigh, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentist r\. 

Owen E. McBride, S.B., Instructor in Technical Drawing. 

Luther P. Basford, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. 

Student Assistants 

Gabriel J. Heyboer, Assistant in Chemistry. 
Earl Waddell Lambert, Assistant in Dental Anatomy. 
Ray AIcKinley Dix, Assistant in Operative Technics. 
Harr>- Leo Viezens, Assistant in Physiology- and Chemistry. 
D. Keith Dunlap, Instructor in Physics. 



The Dental School 

THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for 
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the 
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistn^, and for 
the promotion of dental science and dental literature. 

The reputation earned by this School is well shown by the tabu- 
lation, on page 55. of the geographical distribution of students in 
attendance during the past year, from thirty-five states and seven 
foreign countries. 

The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surger}" and for some years occupied 
the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now 
located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake 
and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of 
the building, over 60,000 square feet. 

The following men are desen-ing of permanent recognition for 
their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in its 
development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edgar D. 
Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, C. R. E. Koch, 
W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. 

BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT 

Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center 
of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, 
a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of 
clinical patients needed in a dental school. See page 35 for statement 
of number of patients and operations performed during the last School 
year. 

The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on 
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. 
Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same 
floor the special clinic for pulp treatments, the senior prosthetic lab- 
orator>" for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and 
cast metal inlay work, an impression room, and two rooms and w^ait- 
ing-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work. 
There are seven lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the 
amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these 



10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical 
patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and 
a recovery room with sufficient beds for the temporary care of 
patients. The other four lecture rooms have seats for 175, 125, 100, 
and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms, each accom- 
modating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatom- 
ical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the laboratories for 
prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistr>% biology, histology, 
physiology, general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica, and for 
physics; the photographic laboratory, the students' reading-room, the 
library, and the museum. 

A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every 
facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which 
confront the dental profession. This laboratory has eveiy conven- 
ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study 
of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. 

THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY 

The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together 
with the attached Journal Reading Room, 5,400 feet of floor space. 
It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- 
dred students. The Library contains 5,498 volumes of books on 
dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- 
clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- 
tion ; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been 
published in the English language, with about 50,000 duplicate num- 
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to 
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals 
may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and when 
the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a 
circulating library. 

THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM 

The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- 
plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- 
tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to 
the best advantage. 

Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William 
Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb 
Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern 
animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 



preserved fur animals, and a ver>- choice collection of ancient and 
modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many 
volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and 
engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the 
development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most 
attractive manner for exhibition and study. 

The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the 
teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there 
are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of 
the several orders to ali'ord specimens of everv^ kind of tooth form 
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians. and snakes, 
with a large variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- 
opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth ; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws 
from childhood to old age. 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- 
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- 
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of" super- 
numerar}^ teeth ; some illustrations of the ver}* early forms of artificial 
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, 
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been 
made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being 
continually increased by donations from those who have met w^ith 
specimens unusual or rare in practice. 

It also contains a most complete representation of the progress 
of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive 
steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection 
of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- 
tice of dentistr}-. 

SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS 

The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point aflEords many and peculiar advantages to its students. 
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 



12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



attending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. 
It also gives the schocJ the widest range of territory from which to 
draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The 
patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago 
and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the 
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- 
ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable 
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the 
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the 
personal clinical practice of the individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining, 
and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of 
the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features 
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its 
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the 
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in 
dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in 
building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional 
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which 
is as necessary to him in after years, in drawing together and main- 
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
in their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity 
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of 
large gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- 
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the 
north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive 
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of 
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, 
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and 
the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large 
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. 
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive 
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter 
conservatories. The new Field Columbian Museum, located in 
Grant Park, offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 



especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of 
modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the vari- 
ous races and types of men in different ages. The admission to this 
museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation 
tickets to this school. 

The Art Institute of Chicago is located within easy v/alking 
distance of the School; it offers many free admission hours, making 
its cultural opportunities conveniently available. 

OTHER LIBRARIES 

A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, 
or in connection with special studies. 

The University library collections offer very abundant facilities 
for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to 
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; 
generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College 
Library, the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological 
Library. 

Chicago Library (975,984 volumes) is on Michigan Avenue 
and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the school. It is 
one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books 
from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known 
to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different 
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. 
These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large (384,000 volumes) and, 
besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. 
It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached 
in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference librar}^ and books can 
be used only in its reading rooms. 

The John Crerar Library (400,000 volumes) occupies one 
and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner Wabash 
Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, 
the physical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has 
one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. 
It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library, 
and its books are used only in its reading rooms. 



14 N O R T PI W E S T E R N UNIVERSITY 



Admission and Instruction 

In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- 
ment and facilities of every kind, Northwestern University Dental 
School complies fully with the rules of the D-jntal Educational 
Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. 

ADMISSION' 

A candidate for admission to the Dental School for the year 
1919-1920 may be accepted upon presentation of a diploma, or equiv- 
alent certificate, from an accredited high school or academy which re- 
quires for graduation not less than fifteen units of high school work 
obtained in a four year course beyond the eighth grade of the elemen- 
tary school. No conditions on the foregoing entrance requirement 
will be allowed. An accredited high school is defined as one which 
is accredited as a four year high school by the United States Bureau 
of Education, or by a University which is a member of the Asso- 
ciation of American Universities, or by the State University of the 
State in which the high school is located. 

In the case of an applicant who is not a graduate from a high 
school or academy, as defined above, the full equivalent of such educa- 
tion in each individual case must be established by the Committee on 
Examinations, appointed by the Illinois State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, and attested by him. The Committee on Exam- 
inations may issue a certificate upon presentation of credentials from 
schools attended, or upon the passing of written examinations given 
by the Committee, or both.* 

The credential covering the candidate's preliminary education 
must include not less than three units in English,! one unit in 
Algebra, one unit in Geometn*, and one unit in Physics, Chemistry, 
or Biology. The remaining nine units may be made up of other 
subjects included in standard High School courses. 

A unit is a course of study requiring daily recitations on one 
topic for a full school year. No credit amounting to less than a half 
unit w^ll be allowed toward the fifteen units required. 

This School will receive no student who is not present within 
ten days after the* opening day of the session in each year, or in case 



*The Illinois law provides that this Committee on Examinations shall 
charge a fee of ten dollars for each person who presents for examination 
or for the evaluation of credentials. 

fForeigners from non-English speaking countries, who present more than 
four units of foreign language, and who can speak, read and write the 
English language, will be accepted as meeting the requirement in English. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 15 



of illness properly certified by the attending phj^sician, within twenty 
days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should 
register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture 
halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- 
ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted 
at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening 
period. 

Undergraduate students are not received for special courses in 
dentistry. 

Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline imposed 
by the Faculty. 

CHANGE IN ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR YEAR 1 92 1 -1922 

Beginning with the school year 1921-1922, it is expected that one 
year of Liberal Arts will be required for admission to the Dental 
course. 

ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING 

Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in 
this School should bring credentials for same, and should present 
their notebooks. No credit on the dental course will be allowed for 
high school chemistry, physics, botany, zoology, or biology. . 

Students who present certificates for other Class A dental schools 
covering subjects required in this School, may be credited with 
such studies if their preliminary education was such as would have 
admitted them to this School as Freshmen, and if the credentials are 
satisfactory to the Dean and to the professors in the respective depart- 
ments; but credits are not accepted unconditionally. The Faculty 
reserves the right to examine any applicant for advanced standing, if 
in its judgment that should be desirable. When admitted to the 
Senior class the candidate must do one full year's work in this 
School. 

Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- 
ditions in the Dental course will begin on September 29, 19 19 — 
one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations 
will he given at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will 
be furnished upon request. 

COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY 

The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tues- 
day in October and clo«es on Commencement Day of the University 
in June. There are not less than thirty-two weeks of actual instruc- 
tion given, six days in each week. 



16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



POST-GRADUATE COURSE 

A post-graduate, or practitioner's, course has been arranged which 
begins the first Monday in February of each year and continues 
through four full weeks. A special announcement of this course will 
be found on page 44. See pages 53 to 54 for lists of those who took 
post-graduate course in 191 8-19. 

COMBINED COURSES 

Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor 
of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and 
Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the 
two degrees from eight to seven years. This privilege is open to 
students who, during their first three years, have maintained a uni- 
form record of good scholarship. A candidate for the degree of 
Bachelor of Science who has been a student in the College of Liberal 
Arts for at least one year may enroll upon the combined course. 

Students who desire to obtain the degrees of Doctor of Medicine 
and Doctor of Dental Surgery may enroll for a combined medical 
and dental course, and thus shorten the time of earning these degrees 
from nine to seven years, which includes one year of hospital intern- 
ship. In order to enroll for this course it will be. necessary for the 
student to have completed the two required pre-medical years in a 
College of Liberal Arts. 

Students who desire to obtain the three degrees, Bachelor of 
Science, Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Dental Surgery, may do 
so by taking three years in the College of Liberal Arts before entering 
upon the combined medical and dental course. 

Details regarding the combined courses will be furnished upon 
application. 

Schedule of Courses 

FOR THE YEAR I919-I92O 

Beginning with the session of 19 15-16 the general plan of teach- 
ing was changed by the division of classes into small sections for 
recitation and laboratory periods, in order that the student might 
receive more thorough instruction and be brought into closer relations 
with the instructors. To accomplish this purpose, the building was 
remodeled to provide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facili- 
ties, and the teaching staf^ was increased in every department. 

In the new four-year schedule, a general rearrangement of courses 
has been made by which better co-ordination and sequence of related 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



17 



subjects has been obtained. Technical laboratory courses have been 
extended to better prepare students to undertake practical operations 
in the clinic, and opportunity is also provided for increased clinical 
experience. 

Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumer- 
ated, but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases 
approved by the Faculty. 

The courses in the several departments are described under the 
department headings in subsequent pages. The order in which 
courses are to be taken is here indicated. 

Schedule 



FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 
Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

English 2 64 

Physics I 3(1 Sem. ) 32 48 * 

Technical Drawing 3 (i Sem.) 48 

Biology 2 ( ist Sem.) 4 ( ist Sem.) 32 64 

Anatomy i (i Sem.) 6 (i Sem.) 16 96 

Chemistry, Inorganic 2 4 64 128 

Histology, General 2 (2d Sem.) 4 (2d Sem.) 32 64 

Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 

Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sem.) i6 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Mouth Hygiene i 16 

10 29 320 928 — 1,248 

SOPHOiMORE YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 
Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

English 2 (2d Sem.) 32 

Anatomy of Head and Neck i (i Sem.) 9 (i Sem.) 16 144 

Histology, Dental i 3 32 96 

Chemistry, Organic and 

Physiological i 3 33 96 

Physiology 2 3 (i Sem.) 64 48 

Bacteriology i 3 32 96 

Comparative Dental Anat- 
omy I (1 Sem.) 16 

Operative Technics 2 6 (i Sem.) 64 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Clinical Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry 6 (2d Sem.) 96 

10 31 320 960 — 1,280 



18 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



JUNIOR YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

Physiology i 32 

Physical Diagnosis i (i Sem.) 16 

Pathology i 3(1 Sem.) 32 48 

Materia Medica 1 3 (i Sem.) 32 48 

Dental Pathology ........ 1 3 (i Sem.) 32 48 

Dental Radiography i (1 Sem.) i (1 Sem.) 16 16 

Mouth Hygiene i (i Sem.) 16 

♦Comparative Dental Anat- 
omy I (i Sem.) 16 

Orthodontia i (x Sem.) 3 (8 wks.) 16 24 

Operative Dentistry 2 64 

Anesthesia 1 (i Sem.) 16 

Prosthetic Dentistry 1 3 32 96 

Surgical Anatomy groups.. 16 

Extraction Clinic 10 

Clinical Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry 20 640 

10 29 320 946 — 1,266 

*After 1919-20, this course will be given in the Sophomore year only. 

SENIOR YEAR 

Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

♦Dental Pathology 2 64 

Jurisprudence and Ethics.. i (i Sem.) 16 

Dental Economics i (i Sem.) 16 

*Oral Surgery 2 2 64 64 

♦Operative Dentistry i 32 

♦Prosthetic Dentistry 2 64 

Orthodontia i 32 

Special Clinics for Divicions 
of Class, in Extraction, 
Oral Surgery, Peridental 

Diseases, Operative and r^^^ ^^^^^ -» 

Prosthetic E>entistry 2 {Division/ ^4 
Clinical Practice in Ortho- 
dontia, Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry .... 30 960 

9 34 288 1,088 — 1,376 

♦One hour each week will be devoted to the reading and discussion of 

themes prepared by members of the class and to seminar work. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 19 



Anatomy 

PROFESSOR VAN TUYL 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. *Lecture-recitation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve 
weeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. 
Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, and Dr. Ryan. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four 
weeks, one hour a week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, 
and Dr. Ryan. 

c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper and lower ex- 
tremities and the abdomen are dissected. One semester. ' Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. 
Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the 
Senses and Splanchnology — One semester, one hour a week. Profes- 
sor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown and Dr. Ryan. 

e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The Head, Neck and 
Thorax. Surgical anatomy of the Head and Neck. One semester. 
Class divided into sections, each section three three-hour periods a 
week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. R^^an, and Assist- 
ants. 

Bacteriology 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- 
tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- 
guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- 
ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; 
diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth 
and mouth; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a 
week throughout the year. Professor Willard and Dr. B. H. King. 

b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and 
management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; 
deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, 
from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth ; staining, mounting, 
and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided into 
sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. Pro- 
fessor Willard and Dr. B. H. King. 

♦For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, 
and the class is divided into sections of about thirty for recitations. As a 
rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. 



20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Biology 

PROFESSOR THOMAS 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the properties of living mat- 
ter; a few selected types of flowering plants and invertebrate animals. 
Organic evolution, studies of the development of animals, using eggs 
of fishes, amphibia and the chick. First semester, two hours a week. 
Professor Thomas. 

b. Laboratory — The course in the laboratory will parallel the 
lecture-recitation course, and will consist of demonstration experi- 
ments and studies by members of the class. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two two-hour periods per week. 
Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen, 

Chemistry 

PROFESSOR GORDIN 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — First 
semester. Class divided in sections. Two hours a week. Profes- 
sor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

b. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and Inor- 
ganic Chemistry. First semester. Class divided into sections, each 
section two two-hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, 
and Assistants. 

c. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — Sec- 
ond semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. 
Marks. 

d. Laboratory — The metals and their com.pounds. Qualitative 
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. 
Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two- 
hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Organic Chemistry — First semester, one 
hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

f. Lecture-recitation — Organic and Physiological Chemistry — 
Second semester, one hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. 
Marks. 

g. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, 
etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study 
of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for 
gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 21 



Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. Analysis of saliva. 
Urine analysis. Class divided into sections, each section three hours 
a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy 

PROFESSOR BEBB 
JUNIOR AND SOPHOMORE YEARS* 

a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure ; 
natural selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between 
parts; principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; 
definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical 
mammalian dentation ; classification of the animal kingdom, w^th 
concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One 
semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb. 

b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- 
mens. 

Dental Economics 

DR. O. U. KING 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice 
building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- 
tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of 
operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- 
omy in the conduct of an office. One semester, one hour a week. 
Dr. O. U. King. 

Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics 

PROFESSOR NOYES 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- 
sional ethics; state law^s relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; 
dental jurisprudence; general review. One semester, one hour a week. 
Professor Noyes. 

English 

PROFESSOR DENTOX 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the 
paragraph; the sentence; grammar and punctuation; diction; themes. 
First semester, two hours a week. Professor Denton. 



♦After the year 1919-20, this course will be given to the Sophomore 
class only. 



22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



b. Lecture-recitation — Types of literature; the drama; the 
essay; the novel. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor 
Denton. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the 
composition as a whole, analyses and outlines; long theme. Second 
semester, two hours a week. Professor Denton. 

SENIOR YEAR 

d. Seminar-Theme — All themes prepared by members of the class 
will be reviewed and criticised for composition and rhetoric before 
they are read before the class. Professor Denton. 

Histology 

PROFESSOR THOMAS 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the 
microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary 
tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentar}' 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and 
skin. Second semester, two hours a vi^eek. Professor Thomas and 
Professor Skillen. 

b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture 
course. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
two two-hour periods a week. Professor Thomas and Professor 
Skillen. 

c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. . 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

d.' Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peri- 
dental membranes ; periosteum ; bone ; mucous membranes and other 
soft tissues of the mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One 
hour a week. Professor Thomas and Assistants. 

e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — One hour a week. One- 
third of a semester. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. 

f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture 
courses d and e. Class divided into sections, each section one three- 
hour period a week throughout the year. Professor Thomas and 
Professor Skillen. 

g. Recitations — During laboratory hours throughout the year. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 23 



Materia Medica and Therapeutics 

DR. MC CLAIN 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The sources and various forms of drugs; 
general and local action of drugs; agencies that modify the action 
of drugs; the art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about 
one hundred drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and 
toxic action. Medication for dental purposes. One hour a week 
throughout the j-ear. Dr. McClain. 

b. Laboratory — Study of the origin and preparation of various 
drugs; prescription writing; dispensing; reactions, antidotes for 
poisons, etc. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a 
week during one semester. Dr. McClain. 

Mouth Hygiene ; Oral Prophylaxis 

PROFESSOR BLACK 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitatiom — This course will include a presentation 
of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a 
discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- 
taining mouth cleanliness will be presented, and the technic will be 
given in detail. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

b. Lecture — Oral Prophylaxis and Mouth Hygiene — Preven- 
tive measures which may be employed by both dentist and patient. 
Mouth hygiene technique. The relation between operative and pros- 
thetic procedures to the diseases of the soft tissues. Teachifig of 
mouth hygiene technique in public schools, and dental service in 
public schools and eleemosj'nary institutions. Second semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Black. 

Operative Dentistry and Dental Pathology 

professor black, professor gethro, professor willard, profes- 
sor blackwell, dr. alattesox axd dr. ray 

Dental Anatomy, Operative Technics 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human 
Teeth — Nom.enclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with 
especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour 
a week. Dr. Rav. 



24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; carv- 
ing the tootli forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the 
internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Assistants. 

c. Lecture-recitatioTi — Instruments and Instrumentation — A 
study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- 
tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity Nomen- 
clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of 
the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their 
preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- 
nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray. 

d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight 
excavators made to millimeter scale in brass; preparation of cavities 
in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class 
divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Assistants. 

Operative Dentistry 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- 
tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; 
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation ; cavity 
preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and 
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- 
ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- 
posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of 
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor 
Blackwell. 

f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the 
various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root 
canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of 
diseases of the peridental membrane. These operations are performed 
with extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- 
ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual 
practice as possible. First semester, two three-hour periods a week. 
Professor Blackwell and Assistants. 

g. Operative Clinic — Open to Sophomore students six hours a 
week during the second semester. Operations are required amount- 
ing to fifty points in gold fillings, fifty points in gold inlays, fifty 
points in amalgam fillings and fifty points in treatments. Professor 
Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Blackwell, Dr. Ray and Assist- 
ants. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 25 



JUNIOR YEAR 

h. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill- 
ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- 
trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries 
of enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries; 
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of dental 
caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital phe- 
nomena in dental caries ; h3^peresthesia of dentin ; treatment of dental 
caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials. First 
semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith, and 
Dr. Biddison. 

i. Lecture-recitation — The force used in mastication in relation 
to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of 
cavities by classes; "extension for prevention" and its limitations; 
esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their pathology and 
treatment; the childhood period of the permanent teeth; manage- 
ment of patients. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor 
Gethro, Dr. Smith and Dr. Biddison. 

j. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a 
w^eek during the entire year. Operations amounting to one hundred 
points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays 
and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given 
for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the 
cavity, the operative difficulties encountered, and the excellence of 
the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in 
each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, 
Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman and Assistants. 

SENIOR YEAR 

k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of operative 
dentistry. For this course selected groups of articles in the periodical 
literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for 
seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a mem- 
ber of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week thfough- 
out the year. Professor Gethro. 

1. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily through- 
out the year. Operations amounting to two hundred points are 
required in gold fillings, two hundred points in gold inlays and two 
hundred points in amalgam. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, 
Professor Morlan, Professor Blackwell, and Assistants. 

m. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for 
five weeks. Professor Gethro. 



26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Dental Pathology and Therapeutics 

JUNIOR YEAR 

n. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- 
givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review 
of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, 
their diseases and treatment. In this course especial attention will 
be given to the technical procedures and their application in the 
clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical 
infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of 
this course. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients 
last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures 
which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. 
One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

o. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Dental 
Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions; hyperemia and 
inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin; devitalization; removal; 
treatment of canals; root filling; asepsic technique; alveolar abscess; 
chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their 
effect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout 
the year. Professor Willard. 

p. Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth and 
Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in 
the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc.; 
in dental caries, secondary dentin and excementosis; also the changes 
in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification; 
and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic 
pericementitis. One period of three hours a week during one semes- 
ter. Professor Black and Dr. Bower. 

q. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one 
hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. 

SENIOR YEAR 

r. Lecture-recitation — Pathology of Both the Hard and Soft 
Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dystrophies of the enamel, of 
erosion, abrasion and dental carles; of the diseases and treatment of 
the gingivae and peridental membranes, and of the dental pulp. One 
hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

s. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of dental pa- 
thology and studies in the Research Laboratory. In this course se- 
lected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 27 



books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Groups 
will also be assigned to the Research Laboratory. Each week a short 
theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by 
others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

t. Clinical Practice — Senior students are required to make two 
hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. Radiographic 
studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal 
fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic. 
About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last year. 

u. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week 
for five weeks. Professor Black and Dr. Merrifield. 

Oral Surgery 

PROFESSOR GILMER AND PROFESSOR POTTS 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Surgical Anatomy — In small groups, sixteen hours. Dr. 
Meyer. 

b. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a week for five 
weeks. Dr. Merrifield. 

c. Radiography — Lectures and practical instruction in radio- 
graphic room. Second semester. Two hours each week. Dr. 
Westaby and Assistants. 

d. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review ; state of the patient ; 
nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental operations; 
circumstances of administration; examination of patients; general 
anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; 
ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- 
thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Potts. 

e. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in the extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. 
Lundquist. 

SENIOR YEAR 

f. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriology^ inflammation; sup- 
puration; wounds; hemorrhage; necrosis; chronic osteitis; disease of 
the maxillary sinus, resection of roots ; tetanus ; ankylosis ; arthritis ; 
facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- 
tion of third molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, 
and implantation of teeth; cleft palate and harelip; affections of the 
lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- 



28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer 
and Professor Potts. 

g. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of oral surgery, 
with especial attention to the developments of the European War in 
maxillo-facial surgery. For this course, selected groups of articles 
in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to 
small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be 
presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One 
hour a week throughout the year. Professor Potts. 

h. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Freeman and 
Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment 
of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. 

i. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for 
five weeks. Dr. Meyer. 

j. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic 
for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Freeman, Dr. 
Merrifield and Dr. Lundquist. 

k. Clinical Administration of Anesthetics — Oral surgery clinic. 
Two hours a week. Professor Potts and Assistants. 

1. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. Lund- 
quist. 

m. Radiography — Daily clinical instruction. Dr. Westaby and 
Assistants. 

Orthodontia 

PROFESSOR SELLERY 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- 
ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of 
malocclusion ; principles of treatment ; methods of retention. The 
object of this course is to familiarize the student with the philosophy 
of the correction of malocclusion so that he may undertake practical 
cases at the earliest possible time. First semester. One hour a week. 
Professor Sellery. 

b. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of 
steel ; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- 
thodontia appliances. Making of pinch bands, clamp bands and re- 
tainers; application of these to models on the manikin. First semester. 
Three hours a week for eight weeks. Dr. McClain. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 29 



SENIOR YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, 
classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar 
processes, the peridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- 
ter. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. 
McClain. 

d. Lecture-recitation — Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, 
Knapp — Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension 
arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. 
Illustrated with models, w^ith movable teeth and enlarged appliances. 
Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixa- 
tion. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. 
Buckley and Dr. McClain. 

e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- 
rection of cases in practice. Each member of the class is required to 
complete at least one practical case. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley 
and Dr. McClain. 

f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five 
weeks. Professor Sellery. 

Pathology, General 

PROFESSOR HATTOX 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Di ease — Disorders of nutri- 
tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- 
ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- 
tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and 
degenerations; necrosis; inflammation; progressive tissue changes; 
neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by 
them. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Hatton. 

b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, 
each section three hours a week. Recitations during laboratory hours. 
Professor Hatton and Dr. Bower. 

Physics 

MR. DUN LAP 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

This course in general physics is selected from the first year of 
college physics. As a preparation for it, the student should have a 
good understanding of high school physics. The first few v*^eeks of 
the course will be devoted to selected problems in algebra and 
trigonometry. 



30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



a. Lecture-recitation — Kinematics, general properties of matter, 
special properties of matter, waves, sound, heat, magnetism, electricity, 
light, optical instruments. One hour a week throughout the year. 
Mr. Dunlap. 

b. Laboratory — Studies of the subjects covered in the lecture- 
recitation course. First semester. One three-hour period each week. 
Mr. Dunlap. 

PROBLEMS IN DENTAL PHYSICS 

A number of important problems in dental physics will be in- 
cluded in the courses in operative and prosthetic dentistry. These 
will include measurements of the force of the bite, the force required 
to chew various foods, tests of finger power, the force required to 
condense cohesive gold, the hardness of various filling materials, 
shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, shrinkage and expansion of 
plaster, the force used in closing flasks, etc. 

Physiology 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — ^The structure of the elementary tissue; 
the chemical composition of the body ; the blood ; the circulation of 
the blood. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin 
and Dr. Wach. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; 
metabolism; nutrition and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle; nerve 
physiolog}'; production of voice. Second semester. Two hours a 
week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. 

c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation and respiration. 
Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week 
throughout one semester. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Matteson, and 
Assistants. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — -Brain; 
spinal cord; reproductive organs; development. One hour a week 
throughgut die year. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. 

Physical Diagnosis 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the various parts of the body, 
technique, and general diagnosis. The pulse, chest, heart, valvular 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 31 



disease and other heart lesions. The lungs and pleural cavity. Dis- 
eases of stomach, pancreas, liver, intestines, spleen, kidnejs. The 
bladder, rectal and genital organs. The blood, joints, nervous sys- 
tem. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Laboratory — Class divided into small sections, each section 
one hour a week during four weeks. Professor Wiggin. 

Prosthetic Dentistry 

PROFESSOR STOUT, PROFESSOR RIDGVVAY AND DR. SHOLES 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers 
the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and 
bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. 
Professor Ridgway. 

b. Laboratory — Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- 
ing, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing and finishing partial 
and full artificial dentures. Construction of crow^ns and dummies, 
all metal, and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and 
dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week throughout the year. Professor Ridgway and 
Assistants. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on 
the nature and physical properties of metals, especially those used 
in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses ; the manipu- 
lation of metals, svv-aging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, 
tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway. 

d. Laboratory — Construction of dies and counter dies ; swaging 
metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by 
vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal 
and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form 
bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week. Professor Ridgw^ay and Assistants. 

e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of 
Paris and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of masti- 
cation ; force of the bite; movemients of the lower jaw; natural 
arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Ridgway. 



32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



f. Laboratory— Construction of full metal and partial metal 
dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- 
struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced 
work in crowns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into 
sections, each section nine hours a week. Professor Ridgway and 
Assistants. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined in 
previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. 
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- 
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; 
movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of 
artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Stout and Professor 
Ridgway. 

h. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- 
tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges; continuous gum dentures. Professor Ridgway and Assistants. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- 
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each 
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to a least one hundred 
and fifty points in crowns and bridges and one hundred and fifty 
points in denture construction. Professor Stout, Dr. Sholes, and 
Assistants. 

SENIOR YEAR 

j. Lecture-recitation^^^Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances ; application of porcelain in prosthesis ; porcelain crowns ; porce- 
lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns 
and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; 
review of anatomical occlusion; cleft palate appliances, splints for 
fractures. One hour a week. Professor Stout and Professor Ridg- 
way. 

k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of prosthetic 
dentistry. For this course, selected articles in the periodical literature 
and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar 
study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of 
the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the 
year. Professor Ridgway. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 33 



1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 
varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation 
of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- 
ting crowns and bridges. The minimum requirement is two hundred 
points in crowns and bridges and two hundred points in dentures. 
Professor Stqjit, Dr. Sholes, and Assistants. 

Technical Drawing 

MR. O. E. MC BRIDE 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Laboratory — This course is planned to give the student train- 
ing in drawing which will enable him to understand more readily 
and to portray more clearly the technical features of many problems 
presented in the dental course and in practice. The complete equip- 
ment of drawing instruments and materials for this course is supplied 
by the School. First semester. One three-hour period a week. 

Clinics 

The Operative, Prosthetic, Orthodontia, Extraction and Radio- 
graphic clinics are open to students' practice from 9 a. m. to 5 p. M. 
each week day during the school year, as wtU as during the summer 
vacation. There is at all times an abundant number of patients. It 
is intended that this clinical practice shall be as much like an 
actual dental practice as possible. The development of the ability 
to obtain and hold a practice, the observance of professional courtesy 
toward patients, so essential to success, is regarded equal in impor- 
tance to the development of manipulative ability. 



34 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



General Statements 

REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- 
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- 
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of 
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in 
the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and 
laboratory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral 
character and are twenty-one years of age, and who have discharged 
in full all financial obligations to the University. 

HONORS 

A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, 
was organized in 1916, upon the initiative of Northwestern Univer- 
sity Dental School. 

Membership is awarded to students who throughout their dental 
course have met every requirement without condition or failure, and 
whose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them 
highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year 
can achieve the honor of such membership. 

Summer Clinics 

The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of 
students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain 
at the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 

Clinical Material 

The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- 
ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be 
best understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tabular 
statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year 1918, 
showing the number of persons applying for clinical service. 



THE DExNTAL SCHOOL 



35 



1918 General Special Total 

January 928 817 1,745 

February 813 735 1,548 

March 1,021 854 1,875 

April 855 824 1,679 

May 877 581 1,458 

June 567 261 828 

July 450 224 674 

August 376 442 818 

September 916 361 1,277 

October 602 516 i,n8 

November 757 557 i,3i4 

December 461 33a 793 

8,623 6,504 15.127 

The special patients are assigned to such students of their ac- 
quaintance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the 
general patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as 
need the particular experience and practice that their cases involve. 
Many of these general patients have come to the school for a number 
of years and continue to come in the same manner as they would 
go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired 
a very large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of a fairly 
large class of students, but the students are encouraged to have their 
friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the 
teaching of practice building. 

The operations performed for these 15,127 patients during the 
year included the following: 

7,150 gold fillings. 5,753 local anesthetics. 

2,650 gold inlays. 72 orthodontia cases. 

6,210 amalgam fillings. 13,388 radiographs, mouth films. 

1,194 cement fillings. 1,561 vulcanite dentures. 

198 pulps devitalized. 9 gold dentures. 

1,672 pulps removed — cocain. 8 aluminum dentures. 

584 dead pulps removed. 12 Watt's-metal dentures. 

77 abscess treatments. 542 dentures repaired. 

172 root canal treatments. 243 gold crowns. 

£,627 root fillings. 264 Richmond crowns. 

5,937 scalings, and peridental 124 detachable pin crowns, 

membrane treatments. 107 cast base crowns. 

506 surgical treatments. 9 other crowns. 

18,923 teeth extracted. 749 bridges. 

649 gas administrations. 603 crown or bridge repairs. 



36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Text-Books 

Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of 
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from 
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the 
library. Each student will be required to have the books designated 
below before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. 
Many reference books in the library may be used as needed. 

FRESHMAN YEAR 
Anatomy — Cunningham. 

Cunningham's Dissecting Manual, Vol. 1. 
Dental Anatomy — Black. 
Operative Dentistry — Black. 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. 
Inorganic C hemistr y~Gord\n. 

Exercises in Chemical Laboratory — McPherson & Henderson. 
Histology — Bailey (1914). 
College Zoology — Hegner. 
General Physics — Spinney. 

Manual for Theme Revision — Bryan and Denton. 
The English Familiar Essay — Bryan and Crane. 
Sheridan's Plays, Macmillan's Pocket Classics. 
"Othello," Tudor Shakespeare. 
Galsworthy's "Justice." 
Scott's "Quentin Durward." 
Medical Dictionary — Stedman. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Anatomy — Cunningham. (Same as Freshman .year.) 

Cunningham's Dissector — Head, Neck and Thorax. 
Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 
Prosthetic Dentistry— Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 
Dental Histology and Embryology — Noyes. 
Physiology — Howells. 
Chemistry, Organic — Gordin. 
Bacteriology — McNeal. 
Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 

JUNIOR YEAR 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Dental Pathology— Black. 

Physiology — Howells. 

Materia Medica — Prinz. 

Pathology — Delafield & Pruden. 

Physical Diagnosis — Cabot. 

Anesthesia — Fischer. 

Dental Radiography — Raper. 

Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 

SENIOR YEAR 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) 

Dental Pathology— Black. (Same as Junior year.) 

Oral Surgery — filair. 

Orthodontia — Angle. 

Dental Ethics and Jurisprudence — Noyes. 

Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 37 



Instruments 

The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that 
the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without 
being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- 
vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of 
manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their 
instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the 
instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition 
to his continuance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is 
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and 
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. 
This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of 
instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators 
in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same 
instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 

The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- 
tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. 
Students should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of 
other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the 
required sets. They are the same as those that have been required in 
former years. No student is required to make changes in his instru- 
ment sets during his four years' course, and these instruments form 
his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. 

Instruments and appliances are required to be of form 
and quality approved by the school. For the year 1919-20 the School 
has arranged with several reliable Dental Supply Houses to furnish 
the required equipment for each class in sealed packages, and these 
packages will be delivered through a representative of this School. 
Each student is charged for the complete equipment of instruments, 
appliances and books, all of which will be delivered at the time of 
payment of tuition. 



38 



NOR IHWES TERN UNIVERSITY 



Instruments Required ix 1919-20 
Freshman Year 

All except those marked "Specials for Freshmeu" are required throughout entire 
four year course. 

OPERATIVE OUTFIT 
48 Cutting Instruments, the University Set. 

accessories 

1 Explorer, No. 3. 

1 Hand Mallet, No. 5. 

1 Arkansas Stone, 2x5x^ inches. 

1 Bottle of Oil. 
3 Boxes Tapered Polishing Strips, coarse, 

medium and fine grits. 

2 Broach Holders, metal handles. 
1 Alcohol Lamp, with annealing tray. 
1 Lowell Pin Vise. 
1 Boley Millimeter Gauge. 
1 Pocket Lens, two glasses. 

SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN 
1 Work Box. 

1 Card Board arranged for tooth sections. 
1 Card Board arranged for instruments. 
1 Spool Black Silk. 
12 Small Wood Blocks for mounting. 
6 Ivory Carving Blocks. 

PROSTHE 
1 Plaster Bowl, "B." 
1 Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 
1 each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2, 

22. 
1 each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3, 

25. 
1 Snow New Century Occluding Frame. 
1 Snow's Face Bow. 

3 Snow Bite Locks. 
1 box Pink Wax. 
1 Prothero's Wax Spatula. 
1 iron Vulcanite Flask, large size. 
1 Flask Wrench, No. 10. 
1 Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8 

inches. 

4 Wilson Vulcanite Trimmers, Nos. 1, 2, 

4 and 5 special (Kingsley blade). 
1 Felt Cone, large blunt. 
1 Felt Wheel, No. 2. 

1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 

2 Lathe Chucks. 
1 Carborundum Wheel, \y2xli inch, grit 

"B." 
1 Carborundum Wheel, lyzX/i inch, grit 

"D." 
1 Crocker Lathe Arbor. 
1 Mechanical Saw Frame. 
1 dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2. 
1 pair Plate Shears, No. 1. 
1 pair Flat-nosed Pliers, 4^ inches. 
1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 
1 Hickory Stick, 4 in. long, ^^^x^, tapered 

to 3/16xJ/^. 
1 Horn Mallet. 
1 Plate Punch No. 1. 
1 Solder Tweezers, "A." 
1 Solder Tweezers, "L." 
1 pair Solder Pliers, long beaks. 



1 .Stick lilack Sealing Wax. 

1 Piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files, 

^x6 inches. 
50 Pieces Brass Wire, 4^ inches long, 13 

gauge. 
1 Instrument Roll. 

1 Package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted. 
1 Package Smooth Broaches. 
] Box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in.. No. 1. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in.. No. 3. 
1 Straight Chisel 50. 

1 Book Transparent Water Colors. 

2 Camel's Hair Brushes, No. 1 and No. 7. 

2 Carborundum Stones, Nos. 307, 310, 

coarse grit. 
1 Revolving Head Engine Bur Holder. 
1 Each Engine Burs — 

round, 12, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 3, 5, 7). 

inv. cone, 12, 14 mm. (Nos. 36, 37). 

jissure, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 60, 62). 

nC OUTFIT 

1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 

1 Compound Blow Pipe. 

1 Asbestos Soldering Block, Xo. 2. 

1 Borax Slate. 

1 Plate File, Grobet, half round, 5 in.. 

No. 3. 
1 Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider. 
18 inches Rubber Tubing, 54 inch. 
54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5/16 inch. 
1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 gauge. 
1/2 lb. Special Asbestos. 
1 Melotte's Mouldine Outfit. 

3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 

3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal. 

1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 

1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand. 
5 dwts. Silver Solder. 

y2 lb. Modeling Composition. 

3 sheets Sandpaper, No. 1. 

4 sheets Red Rubber. 

2 sheets Pink Rubber. 
1 bottle Vaseline. 

1 bottle Sandarac Varnish. 

1 bottle Shellac Varnish. 

1 Shaker Talcum Powder. 

1 box Crystal Borax. 

4 inches Steel Wire, yi inch diameter. 

12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 

1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 

1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 

1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 

1 piece Aluminum Plate, 16 gauge. 

1 pair Improved Ivory Cleavers, large size 

metal handles. 

1 pair Prothero's Files with metal handles. 

1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 

1 pair Improved Hawk-bill Pliers. 



THE D E N T A L SCHOOL 



39 



1 Dissecting outfit. 
and gown. 



ANATOMY LABORATORY 
Each student is required to have an apron, and 

TECHNICAL DRAWING 



white cap 



The complete equipment of instruments and materials for the course in technical 
drawing is furnished by the School. 

Sophomore Year 

All of these Instruments and Appliances are required in the Junior and Senior 
rears also. 

OPERATIVE OUTFIT 



1 each Round 

Burs 
1 doz. each Invert- 
ed Cone Burs 
i each Fissure 

Burs, square end 
1 each Fissure 

Burs, round end 
1 each Finishing 

Burs, round 
1 each Finishing 

Burs, oval 
1 each Drills, 

bi-beveled 



12 


16 


20 




3 


5 


7 




8 


10 


12 


16 


34 


35 


36 


38 


10 


12 


16 




57 


58 


60 




10 


12 






57 


58 






25 


40 







For Salivary Calculus 
1 paij- of Pull Scalers, Nos. 33 and 34. 
1 Cleoid Scaler, 25. 
1 Sickle Scaler, 20. 

GOLD INLAY INSTRUMENTS 

1 Burnishing and Trimming Instrument. 

1 pair R. and L. Trimming Knives. 

1 Casting Ring, sprue and former (Tag- 
gart). 

1 box Taggart Wax. 

ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS 

1 Cord Driven Dental Engine. 

1 Contra-angle Hand-piece. 
Sizes 
Nos. 
Sizes 
Nos. 
Sizes 
Nos. 
Sizes 
Nos. 
Sizes 

Nos. 204 201 
Sizes -25 40 
Nos. 219 222 
Sizes 12 16 
Nos. 102 104 
Sizes of Burs are given in tenths of 

millimeters. 

1 Porte Polisher, No. 307. 

1 box Wood Polishing Points. 
6 boxes Stiff Polishing Brushes. 

2 Mandrels, No. 303. 
1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield. 

Burs for Contra-angle Hand-piece. 
6 each Inverted Cone, 8, 10, 12 mm. 
1 each Fissure, 10, 12, 16 mm. 
1 Porte Polisher. 
1 Mandrel, 303. 
1 Morgan-Maxfield Mandrel. 
1 box each Emery Paper Disks, 14 inch, 

grits Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Sand Paper Disks, s^ inch, 

grits Nos. 00. 1. 
1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, Yz 

inch and ^i inch. 
1 Wire Brush for cleaning broaches, all 

brass. 
« ACCESSORIES 

*1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case, new 

model, 1916-17. 
1 Mouth Mirror, No. 3. 

•This is a specially designed Instrument Case, constructed of steel. It is supplied 
on a rental basis, costing the student $8.00 for its use during Sophomore, Junior and 
Senior years. 



GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS 

1 Automatic Mallet. 
1 each Plugger Points. 
5-10- 3, Round. 
7J^-10- 3, Round. 
9-10- 3, Round. 
5- 1- 0, Bayonet. 
7H- 3- 0, Bayonet. 
lOx 5- 3- 3, Parallelogram. 
5x10- 3- 3, Parallelogram. 
12x 6- 6-10, Parallelogram. 
6x12- 6-10, Parallelogram. 
20x 5- 2-18, Foot. 
15x 5- 5-12, Foot. 
15x 5- 3-18, Foot. 
1 each Long Handle Pluggers. 
5-1-23, Round. 
5-2-23, Round. 
1 pair Direct Stroke Quadrangle Foot 
Pluggers. 

3 Long Handles, No. 4 Automatic Thread. 

1 Black's Holding Instrument. 

FINISHING INSTRUMENTS 

2 Finishing Knives, 12 and 18 angles. 

4 Finishing Files, 6 and 94 angles. 
1 Black's Saw Frame. 

1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge. 
1 doz. Thread Saws. 



AMALGAM PLUGGERS 



35x15-7-12 

15x35-7-12 

35-7-12 

25-7-12 

15-7-12 



10x30-7-12 
30x10-7-12 



SCALERS 



"G. V. Black School Set of Scalers," 14 

instruments, as follows: 

For Serumal Calculus 

1 pair of Peridental Explorers, 15-8-6, R. 
and L. 

1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15, F. and B. (for- 
ward and backward curved blades). 

1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8- 6, R. and L. 

1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 

1 pair of Push Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 



40 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



1 pair "College" Cotton Pliers. 

1 each Explorers, R. and L. No. 13, 

1 each Burnishers, 2, 26, 28. 

1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 



Cement Spatula, No. 24. 

Mixing Tablet, plate glass, 2x5x>4- 

Mortar and Pestle, No. 5. 

Root Canal Plugger, No. 35. 

Root Canal Plugger, No. 36. 

Box Gutta-Percha Root Canal Points, 
assorted. 
1 Box Bibulous Paper Points. 
1 Sheet Steel for Matrices. 
6 Perry Separators, A, B, C, D, E, F, 

with wrench. 
1 Rubber Dam Punch. 

1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 
1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam 

Clamps, right and left. 
1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 18, 26. 
1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots. 
1 Hatch Cervical Clamp. 

1 Rubber Dam Holder. 

2 Rubber Dam Weights. 

1 Water Syringe, No. 22, special nozzle. 
1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back 
end. Nozzle same as 22. 



Water Glass, not over 3 inch diameter. 

Special bracket for water glass. 

package Orange Wood Sticks. 

Grobet File, half round, 3-inch, No. 2. 

pair Straight Scissors, 5-inch. 

Opal Glass Tray, to hold six broaches. 

Broach Holders, metal handles. (These 
in addition to two required in Fresh- 
man year.) 

2 Bottles for used broaches, 3 inches long 

hy Yi or Yi diameter outside. 
1 Glass Slab for sterilizing broaches. 

3 Opal Glass Medicine Dishes, 1^x1 5^x^. 
1 bottle Alcohol, with pipette through 

cork. 

3 boxes Pink Base-plate Gutta-percha. 50 
pieces ^ inch square, 25 pieces J/^ 
inch square, 25 pieces 54x1 inch. 

1 spool of Waxed Floss, 100 yards in spe- 
cial container. 

1 package Absorbent Pellets, 3 sizes. 

1 package Cotton Rolls, 2 sizes. 

1 package Gauze. 

1 package Absorbent Cotton, 1 oz. 

1 Instrument Sterilizing Bag. 



Junior Year 

These Instruments and Appliances, except those marked "Special for Juniors only," 
are required in the Senior year. 



SURGICAL CASE 

1 Leather Pocket Case. 

1 Scalpel, l^^ -inch blade. 

1 Bistory, i;4/inch blade. 

1 Scalpel, ^-inch blade. 

1 Keratome, 5/16x5/16 blade. 

1 Curette, disk, 5/16 diameter. 

1 Periosteotome. 

1 Tenaculum. 

1 Sharp Steel Probe. 

1 Silver Probe. 

1 Grooved Director. 

1 Exploring Needle. 

1 pair Tissue Forceps. 

1 pair Artery Forceps, 4^ inch. 

1 pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4J4 in., straight. 



PORCELAIN INSTRUMENTS 

1 pair "K" Pliers. 

1 pair Ball Pliers. 

4 Thompson Burnishers, Nos. 3, 4, 5 and 8. 

2 Camel's Hair Brushes. 

SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS ONLY 

1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12, 

series "B." 
1 Draw Plate, special. 
Yz lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 41 

Fees and Expenses 

FOR THE YEAR I919-I92O 

Matriculation Fee $5-00 

This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any 
department of the University, and covers subsequent matriculations 
in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in 
no case returnable. 

Registration Deposit, each year $5.00 

This deposit must be paid when names are enrolled for classes. 
It will be credited on the tuition fee for the current j'ear. It is not. 
returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- 
tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will 
serve as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is 
not credited on the tuition fee. 

Tuition Fee, each year $200.00 

This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- 
tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment, supplies, 
manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with a locker 
for the protection of his private property. The student must furnish 
his own lock. 

Final Examination Fee, for Seniors $10.00 

Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the 
beginning of the school year. It may be paid in two installments, 
$100.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $100.00 at the 
beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within 
ten daj's of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but 
in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments 
should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the 
order of Northwestern L^niversity. Out-of-town personal checks are 
not accepted. 

Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases 
of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws 
from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his 
tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a 
statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate 
that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No 
application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty 
days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. 



42 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT 

The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- 
termined in advance, owing to the chailges which may occur in prices 
or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As 
many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for 
each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, 
the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as 
Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer 
from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever 
may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding 
years. 

For the year 1919-20, the School will supply the books and 
equipment for the several classes. On account of the difficulty of 
securing equipment, orders were placed far in advance, so that stu- 
dents are assured of having everything necessary for the pursuit of 
their work. In order to reduce the cost of equipment as much as 
possible, the School will supply certain items, such as student operat- 
ing cases, etc., which the student will not need after graduation, upon 
a rental basis. 

The student should come prepared to purchase the complete outfit 
of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at 
least the first semester tuition. 

ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS 

FOR THE YEAR I919-I92O 

Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 50.00 

Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about 150.00 

$200.00 

Sophomore year, books, about $ 20.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 245.00 

$265.00 

Junior year, books, about $ 30.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 25.00 

$ 55.00 

Senior year, books, about $ 15.00 

ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR-YEAR COURSE 

Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 405.00 

Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 465.00 

Junior year, tuition, books and equipment 255.00 

Senior year, tuition, final examiijation fee, books and equipment... 225.00 

TOTAL .$1,350.00 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 43 



This is an average of about $330.00 per year. The equipment 
includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except 
dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- 
ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school 
expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After 
the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so 
that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of 
office equipment at the time of graduation. 

UNIVERSITY XOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES 

The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal 
property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by 
the University, whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown 
cause. 

CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE 

Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or 
breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property 
of the University. 

students' EXTRA FUNDS 

Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than 
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the 
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on 
this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as 
may be prescribed. 

BOARD AND ROOM 

Rooms and board may be obtained at $8.00 to $12.00 a week. 
Rooms w^ithout board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at 
$8.00 to $12.00 a month. 

A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- 
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this 
direction. 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational work. 

THE UNIVERSITY DORMITORIES 

The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus 
near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to 
the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. 

Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the 
Secretary of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a 
deposit of $10. 



44 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Post-Graduate Course 

The annual post-graduate course will begin on February 2nd, 
1920, and continue four weeks. There will be two hours of lectures 
and six hours of laboratory courses, demonstrations or clinical work 
each day. A clinical operating room, and a laboratory for prosthetic 
work, porcelain and inlay work, entirely separate from those used by 
the regular students of the School, have been provided for post-grad- 
uate students, each of whom will have opportunity to do a specified 
amount of work in the laboratories and of operating in the clinic 
under direction of the instructors in charge of the various courses. 
Complete outfits of instruments, tools, and materials will be supplied 
by the School. 

In this course especial attention will be given to the following 
subjects: 

Oral Surgery — Acute infections of the mouth and their treatment ; 
infections of the maxillary sinuses; fractures of the maxillary bones; 
tumors of the mouth; resection of roots, removal of impacted teeth, 
etc. Lectures and clinics. Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. 
Meyer and Assistants. 

Diseases of the Peridental Membrane — Chronic suppurative peri- 
cementitis and its treatment; focal mouth infections in relation to 
systemic disease. Work of the past few years in the Research De- 
partment of the School in the study of the pathology of the investing 
tissues of the teeth the basis for rational treatment; a thorough and 
practical system of examination and determination of plans of manage- 
ment of cases; methods of treatment radically different from those 
commonly employed ; methods of prevention of the diseases of the 
peridental membrane will be presented. Professor Black, Dr. Hatton, 
Dr. Merrifield and Assistants. 

Technic of Pulp and Root Canal Treatment — Recently gathered 
statistics show that a very small percentage of abscesses occur in 
cases in which good root fillings are made, and that abscesses occur 
in about 65 per cent of cases in which root fillings are not well made. 
It is therefore the duty of every dentist to bring his root canal technic 
up to the highest degree of efficiency. The technic presented in this 
course is thorough and definitely systematized. Those taking the 
course will have ample opportunity to gain practical experience in 
the special clinic, and all operations will be checked with radiographs. 
Professor Gethro, Dr. Westaby and Assistants. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 45 



Operative Dentistry — Cavity preparation, technic for gold fill- 
ings, gold inlays, amalgam fillings. The principles of scientific cavity 
preparation will be discussed, and stress will be placed on the im- 
portance of thoroughly systen^atic procedures by each operator in 
order to get practical results in daily practice. " Many of the finer 
details will be brought out in the operations in the post-graduate 
clinic. Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman and Assistants. 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Porcelain jacket crowns, baked porcelain 
crowns, fixed and removable bridge-work, along most modern lines 
to conserve the pulps of teeth and prevent inflammations of the 
gingivae, and the construction of artificial dentures to secure anatomi- 
cal occlusion will receive most attention in this course. Each member 
of the class will have opportunity to carry out w^ork in the laboratory 
and to construct practical cases for patients. Dr. Ridgway and 
Assistants. 

Orthodontia — Many cases of orthodontia are in progress in the 
School clinic at all times and these will be presented before the class 
each Saturday for discussion. A considerable number of these patients 
have appointments on Tuesdays and Thursdays, so that those who 
desire will have ample opportunity to study them. Lectures will 
also be given throughout the course. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley 
and Dr. McClain. 

Anesthesia and Extraction of Teeth — This course will consist 
of a series of lectures and demonstrations on the administration of 
nitrous oxid and oxygen and the use of novocain. Demonstrations will 
be given in connection with the oral surgery clinics and daily in the 
extraction clinic. Those taking the course will have ample oppor- 
tunit}^ for practical experience, both in the uses of these methods of 
anesthesia and in the extraction of teeth. The extraction clinic is 
busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Nearly 20,000 teeth were ex- 
tracted during the year 1918. Dr. Hatton, Dr. Merrifield, and Dr. 
Lundquist. 

Dental Radiography — This course will consist of practical dem- 
onstrations in taking radiographs and in reading them. Thousands 
of films are mounted for study before illuminating boxes. This de- 
partment is busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. 13,388 mouth 
films were made during the year 19 18. Dr. Westaby and Assistants. 

Dental Histology — A combined lecture and laboratory course in 
the study of those features of dental histology which are of the most 



46 N O R 1' H W E S T ERN UNIVERSriY 



practical value in the study of diseases of the peridental membrane and 
in operative dentistry. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. 

Clinical Experience — The clinical material available is prac- 
tically unlimited, and each practitioner taking the course will be 
supplied with patients for practical cases. A special operating room 
is fully equipped for the exclusive use of those taking the course. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSE FEES 

Matriculation fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 100.00 

Of this tuition fee, ten dollars is set aside for the Dental Re- 
search Fund of the School. The above fees cover the entire cost of 
the course; all necessary instruments, equipment, materials, etc., are 
furnished without additional charge. The tuition is the same, whether 
one desires to take all or only a part of the course. Those wishing 
to omit certain subjects will have opportunity to put extra time on 
others. Certificates will not be issued to those who take the Post- 
Graduate Course. 

For further information, address Northwestern University Dental 
School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 47 

Northwestern University Dental School 
Alumni Association 

OFFICERS FOR I919-192O 

AI. M. Prixtz, President, Chicago. 
Bex J. S. Partridge, First Vice-President, Chicago. 
George E. Meyer, Second Vice-President, Chicago. 
James L. Morlan, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., 
Chicago. 

executive committee 

Eugexe Macixxis. Chairman, Chicago. 
T. B. S. Wallace, Chicago. 
G. G. Kx^app, Chicago. 

The annual Home-coming Clinic will be held Tuesday, June 15, 
1920, at the University Building. 

The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium 
for the circulation of articles of interest to North vv-estern alumni 
and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- 
tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- 
vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. 

All members of the Association in good standing v\-ill receive the 
Journal. Any graduate of the Xorthwestern University Dental 
School may become a member of the Alum.ni Association upon pay- 
ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar 
annually. 

We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, 
and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official 
publication a still greater success. 

For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. 

James L. Morlax, Secretary-Treasurer, 

25 E. Washington St., Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, address Northwestern 
University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 



48 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Register of Students, 1918-1919 



SENIORS 



Adams, Charles Henry Illinois 

Akin, Hamilton Lee Hlinois 

Alden, Holt Wagener Hlinois 

Allen, Donald Messenger . .Michigan 

Ammons, W. Vetis Kansas 

Anderson, Orvel Utah 

Anshutz, Wade Bush Indiana 

Applebaum, Albert Illinois 

Auerbach, Bernard Illinois 

Baghdikian, Yeghia Boghos. Armenia 

Bakowen, Goodwin Illinois 

Ball, Walter Carlyle Illinois 

Bantle, Leo P Minnesota 

Bayne, Walter Leon Illinois 

Beal, Nelson Utah 

Beck, Walter Roy Indiana 

Berndt, Arthur Walter Illinois 

Berg, Gordon Gustaf Illinois 

Berry, Henry William Illinois 

Bishop, Evard Allen Montana 

Blumenschein, John Peter. . . .Wash. 

Bollinger, Clarence Floyd S. D. 

Bowden, Paul Herbert Montana 

Boyden, Carl H South Dakota 

Bromberg, Samuel Illinois 

Butler, P. M Illinois 

Cabeen, Milo Howard Illinois 

Caradine, Winford Hugh. Wisconsin 

Cardio, Frank E Iowa 

Carroll, William H Minnesota 

Chapin, Walter Coolidge. .. .Illinois 
Chlavin, David Norman. .. .Illinois 

Christopher, N. K Illinois 

Cigrand, Elroy Franklin Illinois 

Cochran, Dayton Iowa 

Corbett, Marion Leroy Utah 

Culbertson, Harry Montana 

Curley, Harold Clifford. .Minnesota 

Curtin, Thomas P Minnesota 

Dalitsch, Walter William. . .Illinois 

Davis, Harry Glennis. Indiana 

Dietrich, M. Chan-Don Iowa 

Dix, Ray McKinley Illinois 

Dodge, Watson Arthur Kansas 

Dunn, Herbert J Wisconsin 

*Eastwold, Conrad Engvold. . .Minn. 
Eberhart, John Henry Montana 



Elliott, Nels Manley Illinois 

Farrell, Joseph Leonard. .. .Indiana 
Farrell, Neil Charles. .North Dakota 

Fein, Louis Julius Indiana 

Fisher, Lloyd Ellsworth S. D. 

Fisher, Winfield Stitt Illinois 

Frakes, Wayne Kelly Indiana 

Francisco, Winn O Minnesota 

Gardner, Alfred Canada 

Gilbert, Erwin Alvin Minnesota 

Gilruth, William Archibald.. Illinois 
Gindick, Raymond Herman. . Illinois 

Glassman, J. J Illinois 

Gleave, John Ernest Utah 

Goering, Ray Frank Minnesota 

Gondon, William Al Indiana 

Gorecki, Victor Thaddeus. . .Illinois 

Graber, Benjamin Gilbert S. D. 

Grandson, Clarence Maurice.. N. D. 

Greenberg, Alexander Illinois 

Greenwood, Vern Raleigh Utah 

Greer, Charles Alexander. Tennessee 
Halmhuber, Alvin Philip. .Michigan 
Hanson, John Walter. .North Dakota 

Harbert, George R Nebraska 

Harris, Abraham Harry Illinois 

Harris, Stanley Allen. . . .-.Minnesota 

Hebard, Harry D Nebraska 

Hendricks, Jules, Jr. . . .South Dakota 

Henningson, Harry South Dakota 

Hessling, Harold West Illinois 

Heyboer, Gabriel J Illinois 

Highfield, John Fee Illinois 

Hoge, Dale H Illinois 

Hoiberg, Lilly Charlotte. .. .Norway 
Holmes, Edwin Emery. North Dakota 

Howell, Frank William Illinois 

Hughes, Eugene George N. D. 

Huscher, Earl William Utah 

Hyland, Lester Ancel Oregon 

Irle, Willard W Wisconsin 

Jackman, Charles Thomas N. D. 

Jackson, Ralph Taylor Iowa 

Jacobs, Frank Clair Minnesota 

Jacobson, Julius Illinois 

Jeffery, Alex Wiseman C....Wash. 



♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



49 



Jensen, Ernell Utah 

Johnson, Alvin L Minnesota 

Jorgenson, James Morine Utah 

Kahn, Edward Minnesota 

Kasputis, Casimier Russia 

Keefer, Leonard Allen Illinois 

Kendall, Charles Henri. . .Wisconsin 

Kerwin, Joseph Francis Illinois 

Kinkema, Cornelius Michigan 

Knopp, Thomas Bryan Texas 

Kroner, Frederick Louis Illinois 

Kurtz, Theodore Brockhause. Illinois 

Lamb, Curtis Anthony Utah 

Lambert, Earl Waddell Utah 

La Pres, Lloyd Marion Illinois 

Larson, Chester A South Dakota 

Leach, Russell Vivian Canada 

Lee, Arthur Lawrence. South Dakota 

Levin, Max Julien Washington 

Lindberg, Arthur Wisconsin 

Lindberg, Hjalmer Illinois 

Linde, Arthur Sigfrid Illinois 

Lipecki, John Richard Illinois 

Love, McClaren Eugene. .Minnesota 

Lunak, Milo Ralph Iowa 

Lyga, Paul A Wisconsin 

*Macey, Harry Paul Minnesota 

Mackey, Austin J Texas 

Mann, Philip Illinois 

Manevich, Morris Canada 

Martin, Eric Illinois 

Matthew, Jules Michigan 

Maxson, Noel Miller Illinois 

McKnight, Frank W Michigan 

Meigs, Arthur Chapman Iowa 

Meranda, Harry Alvin Missouri 

Meyer, Henry Donald Illinois 

Milstein, Jacob North Dakota 

Morgan, William B Wisconsin 

Motz, Charles William Illinois 

Nance, Hays Neely Arizona 

Nelson, Earl O Iowa 

Neyman, Louis Montana 

Nichols, Cornelius Vigo Illinois 

Norman, Arthur John Illinois 

Nystrom, Egnar W Illinois 

Oberdorfer, Edward Nicholas. Mich. 
O'Connor, Thomas Wolftone. Indiana 
O'Keefe, John Norbert. North Dakota 

Oynes, Nels Illinois 

Patterson, Earl Mead Ohio 



*Matriculated but not in attenda 



Penberthy, Charles William. .. .Wis. 

Peterson, Raymond E Minnesota 

Quinn, Earl Sylvester Indiana 

Quinn, Herbert Joseph Utah 

Rees, Frank Joshuay Utah 

Rosenstein, Samuel Joseph. . .Illinois 

Rosenthal, Herman J Illinois 

Rosheim, Knut Iver Iowa 

Rouleau, Francis Albert. . .Montana 

Ryan, Emmett Joseph Iowa 

Scherman, Fred Charles Illinois 

*SchaekeI, Edward Nebraska 

Seidenberg, Alfred H. .. .Wisconsin 
Silberhorn, Otto Werner. .. .Illinois 

Simons, Charles Lee Illinois 

Slagerman, Sidney Lions N. D. 

Slingsby, Ira W N. D. 

Smith, John William. .North Dakota 

Smith, Stanley J Illinois 

Snyder, Hugh C Indiana 

Southworth, Frank Wilson. Wisconsin 

Starksen, Arthur Francis S. D. 

Steinhart, George Thomas. . .Illinois 
Stocking, Bruce Leffingwell. Michigan 

Sullivan, William H Wisconsin 

Swaisgood, Forest Leroy Ohio 

Swank, Clyde Hubert Illinois 

Swanson, Helge Montana 

Swartz, Roscoe Edward Ohio 

Tanner, Arthur Canada 

Ting, Joseph Yau 

Wailuke, Mani, H. I. 

Underwood, Percy Bertram. .Illinois 

Vanoucek, Harry L Illinois 

Viken, Louis Oliver Wisconsin 

Voigt, John G Illinois 

Voss, Charles, Jr Illinois 

Waalkes, Harry Egbert Illinois 

Walker, Chester Kenneth S. D. 

Watson, William Francis. .. .Illinois 
Weber, Roland Arthur. . .Wisconsin 

Webster, James Beam Illinois 

Wedeberg, Carl Oscar. North Dakota 
*Weidner, Hubert Pancratius. Illinois 

Wells, Arthur James Virginia 

Winnick, Solly Lenord. . . .Minnesota 

Wold, Earl Norton Iowa 

Wollmann, Michael J. .South Dakota 
Woodward, George Foster. . .Illinois 

Wylie, William Leroy Idaho 

Zeiss, Philip Edward Illinois 

Zimmerman, Albert M Illinois 

nee. 



50 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



JUNIORS 



Brahy, Nicb.olas Richard Illinois 

Buttner, Olga Ruth Idaho 

Church, Robert Robins. . . /Fennessee 

Deason, Chester Oswald N. D. 

Dinan, Wilfred Irvin Texas 

Eshleman, Clyde Daniel. ... Indiana 

Fosket, Robert R Illinois 

Grueson, Joseph L Minnesota 

Israel, Samuel Herman. Pennsylvania 
Johnson, Arthur Lee... South Dakota 

Kaplan, William Illinois 

Kamins, Harry Hirsh Illinois 

Kliauga, Charles Lithuania 

Larson, Otto Hans Illinois 

Lovejoy, Arnold Michigan 

Ludwig, William Raymond. .Indiana 

Monson, Harry Alfred Illinois 

O'Brien, Vincent Walter N. D. 



Populorum, Paul Francis ... .Illinois 

Riegel, Harry J Illinois 

Roman, Benjamin Andrew Ohio 

Rominger, Cornelius A Illinois 

Root, Melvin Austin, Jr Illinois 

Runyan, Lewis Nichols Illinois 

Seise, John Goddard Illinois 

Smith, Howard Julian Iowa 

Sprecher, Arthur South Dakota 

Starshak, Tom Cyril Illinois 

Strauss, William John Illinois 

Styrt, Nathan Abraham Illinois 

Tillotson, Kendall S Illinois 

Tippet, Bert Minnesota 

Viezens, Harry Leo Illinois 

fWestenberger, Max Iowa 

Williams, Russell Reed. .. .Montana 



SOPHOMORES 



Aron, Eugene S Illinois 

Barker, Graham Frank Michigan 

Barnard, Richard Edwin Illinois 

Blachly, D. W Indiana 

Bell, E. Cyril Indiana 

Blais, Otto R Minnesota 

Chase, Ralph Raymond Michigan 

Chrt, George Illinois 

Collins, Joseph W., Jr.. South Dakota 
Corcoran, Wilfred C North Dakota 

Dang, Tai Hee Hawaii 

Datz, William Frederick, Jr.. Illinois 

Dewey, Walter M Michigan 

Dybdahl, Arthur E Minnesota 

Fox, Clarence Illinois 

Garrison, Nelson Illinois 

Gifford, Frank .Missouri 

Gates, Raymond John Illinois 

Golden, Harold Miller Florida 

Greenburg, Julius Nelson. ,. .Illinois 

Gunn, John Harvey Michigan 

Hall, Edwin E Ohio 

Harris, Richard V Minnesota 

Hax, George W Illinois 

Highum, Alvin Minnesota 

Howell, Raymond L Indiana 

Hul vey, Leo Illinois 



Johnson, Walter Ralph Illinois 

Kelly, Harley Edmund Iowa 

Larsen, Reuben South Dakota 

Lasater, R. Landess Tennessee 

Lee, Reuben G Minnesota 

Leininger, Clarence W Illinois 

Marks, Arthur Alabama 

Mathews, Harry W Washington 

Mazurek, Joseph S Wisconsin 

McKee, Dale L South Dakota 

Merschat, Arnold Illinois 

Moore, Carl L Kansas 

Nishimura, Hideichi Hawaii 

O'Hara, John Stirling Michigan 

Paradis, D. August Michigan 

Peters, Leonard A Iowa 

Poliak, Edward A Colorado 

Quinlan, Leo Jerome Indiana 

Radzinski, Paul Anthony. .Michigan 

Redlich, Hermann E Illinois 

*Reece, William E Illinois 

Rafish, Samuel M Montana 

Romine, Neva Louise Kansas 

Rubens, Sidney Leon Illinois 

Rubloff, Harry L Illinois 

Schauf, Edward John Illinois 

Smith, Richard Clayton. . . .Michigan 
SteflFes, Clarence L Illinois 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 
fDeceased. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



51 



Stephan, Harry C Indiana 

Sutter, Fred William Michigan 

Svvanson, Edgar Waif red. . .Indiana 

Taggart, Eleanora Ethel Illinois 

Thorsen, Arthur Valdimar. . .Illinois 
Toraason, Hiram W Wisconsin 



Walling, Myron B Illinois 

Watkins, Vertice O Arizona 

Weiss, Leslie Lisle Indiana 

Williams, Roger S Wisconsin 

*Wiimoth, William A. .... . .Kansas 

Woods, Harold J Illinois 



FRESHMEN 



Ackerman, Charles, Jr Illinois 

*Alson, Gerald Illinois 

*Amodt, Leonard Wisconsin 

Anderson, Alonzo L. . .Pennsylvania 

Baker, Ralph Waldo Kansas 

Barcroft, Dwight Taylor Illinois 

*Barteau, Roy S Minnesota 

Bell, James R Illinois 

Bergstrom, Marshall W Illinois 

Berndt, Elmer A Illinois 

Black, Rhea Edwin Illinois 

*Boe, Arnold H Illinois 

*Bond, Henry W Illinois 

*Boner, Albert Jay Illinois 

*Boone, Glen C Illinois 

Bothman, Sam Illinois 

Bowling, Owen R Indiana 

Brady, J. Charles Illinois 

Brandser, Robert Edward. Wisconsin 

Branson, Barney Illinois 

Brooks, Malcolm P Illinois 

Brown, Raymond Illinois 

Burdick, Edward L Iowa 

Burr, Clarence Henderson .. .Canada 

Carter, Ashby B Illinois 

Cayley, Ross North Dakota 

*Childress, Geneva W Illinois 

Chisholm, Reginald H Virginia 

Christianson, Odd Norway 

Clauser, Alvin R South Dakota 

Cohen, Morris J Illinois 

Coleman, William Arthur Iowa 

Comee, Cyril Wisconsin 

Cook, Jean Indiana 

Cooper, Philip Illinois 

Couplin, Albert Hyman. . .Minnesota 

Coyne, John A Illinois 

Crabtree, Clayton Mack Illinois 

Creviston, Ralph R Indiana 

*Crosthwait, Lenida Thomas.... 

Minnesota 

Curtis, Merrill H.Washington, D. C. 



Davis, Chester L Illinois 

Davis, Paul K Illinois 

Dibblee, Basil R Indiana 

Dickson, Elias L Texas 

*Diehl, Val C South Dakota 

Dittmore, John Illinois 

Dolen, Harold Kansas 

Donlevy, Fred Illinois 

Donovan, Leo John -...Illinois 

*Dudley, Milton C Iowa 

Dunlap, D. Keith Wisconsin 

Edwards, Arthur U Iowa 

Eger, Theodore E Michigan 

Einhorn, Joseph Illinois 

Elder, Oscar W Illinois 

Elmer, Fred R Illinois 

Evanson, Louise Illinois 

Feigenbaum, Albert Illinois 

*Fein, Jacob Dale Indiana 

Ferdinand, William Illinois 

Fine, Michael Illinois 

Firth, Charles H Illinois 

*Fisher, Frank B Montana 

Fitzgerald, Harry Iowa 

Frank, Meyer Marcus. .Pennsylvania 
Frerichs, Arthur Waldemar. . .S. D. 

Gevirtz, Jasper Indiana 

Gilmore, Allan E •. . .Indiana 

Goldberg, Isadore Illinois 

Goldberger, Leo H Illinois 

Goldfisch, Joseph N Illinois 

Goldstein, Maurice H Indiana 

Gordon, Louis Illinois 

Gould, Sol Harry Illinois 

Grahn, Earl G. W Illinois 

*Greenwoll, Ivan A Illinois 

*Gruesen, Francis A Minnesota 

Hamer, Paul A Illinois 

Hammerschmidt, Ernest C... Illinois 

Handler, E. David Illinois 

Hansen, Ellen Gurine Illinois 

Hansen, Frederik L Illinois 



'Matriculated but not in attendance. 



52 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



*Harris, Harry Clay Alabama 

Harris, Herbert N Illinois 

Hatcher, Oliver P Tennessee 

Hedges, Howard E Illinois 

Herrington, Hale B Illinois 

Hill, Lloyd B Kansas 

Hockings, Robert Burnell . .Michigan 

Hovanec, Andrew William Ohio 

Howard, Gordon M Illinois 

Hughes, Sylvester William. .. .N. D. 

Hunt, Shelburne A Illinois 

Isay, Morton G Illinois 

James, Charles S Massachusetts 

Johnson, Albert L Indiana 

Jostes, Benedict H Illinois 

Kaden, Joseph J Illinois 

Kalb, Thaddeus F Indiana 

Kartub, Jacob B Pennsylvania 

Kerr, Fred Laird Illinois 

Kirshen, Harry Montana 

Klein, Arthur Illinois 

*Knospe, Lawrence E Illinois 

Kobrzynski, Harriet E Illinois 

Koch, Lloyd H Iowa 

Kopperud, William. . .North Dakota 

Ladevich, Mike N Indiana 

Laederach, Walter Edward.. Illinois 

Lau, Rudolph Illinois 

Lieberthal, Lewis J Michigan 

Lipslctz, Morton Illinois 

Loeffler, Walter D Illinois 

Lushbaugh, Harmon E Illinois 

Mackh, Henry A., Jr Illinois 

Maclin, Willis Franklin. .. ..Illinois 

Marks, Beno Jacob Illinois 

Markus, Peter H Minnesota 

Mathew, Oren Indiana 

McCallister, Ray M Illinois 

McDuffie, Arthur John Michigan 

McQuarrie, Archibald B N. D. 

*Melin, Ralph W Indiana 

Menges, Theodore R Indiana 

*Mitzen, Harry Ohio 

Moe, Harold South Dakota 

Moirison, Alex Illinois 

Murphy, Richard T Illinois 

Newbury, Wallace J Wisconsin 

Nortell, Harry Illinois 

O'Donoghue, James M Illinois 

Orr, Winf red H Illinois 



Palmer, Alva Martha Montana 

Patton, Arch K Indiana 

Pendergast, William B Illinois 

Peters, Wilfred S Illinois 

*Peterson, Lowell A Michigan 

Phillips, Herbert L Illinois 

Phillips, Russell M Illinois 

Polisky, Jacob Illinois 

Prince, George M Illinois 

Probst, Edmund Aloysius. . . .Indiana 

Rappaport, Bernard Illinois 

Redmon, Charles M., Jr Indiana 

Reese, H. Cortland Illinois 

*Richards, William John. .Michigan 

Ringland, Kenneth W Illinois 

*Ringland, Raymond R Illinois 

Rinn, Irwin C Illinois 

Roberts, Willard E Missouri 

Rose, Foraker Lafelle Virginia 

*Rosenfeld, LeRoy L Illinois 

Rosenthal, Arthur Illinois 

Rottenberg, Isadore Illinois 

Runyan, George W Indiana 

Schell, William Robertson. . .Kansas 

Scher, Jacob Illinois 

*Schmeckebier, Willis L Illinois 

Schneider, Charles M Illinois 

Schroder, Bernard Michigan 

Schumaker, James Robert. .. .Illinois 

Schur, Louis, Jr Illinois 

Serritella, William Illinois 

Sheehy, E. B Illinois 

*Shimelfarb, Morris M Illinois 

Shissler, Francis Illinois 

Shonvet, Aaron H Missouri 

Shorr, Alfred Illinois 

Silver, Saul Illinois 

*Sirlin, Anthony W Indiana 

Skebelsky, Martin S Illinois 

Skrentny, Matthew Indiana 

*Slagerman, Andrew. .North Dakota 

Smith, J. Robert Colorado 

Soldovnick, Jacob Illinois 

Specter, Wilmont E Indiana 

Spellman, R. C Illinois 

Sprunt, William H Idaho 

Staehle, Theodore R Illinois 

Stanton, Thomas William. . .Illinois 
Stephenson, Lindale Van.. New York 
Stone, Mitchell Illinois 



^Matriculated but not in attendance. 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 53 



Streeter, Charles S Indiana Vanoucek, Edwin Illinois 

Strilky, Maurice Illinois *Vaxler, Irwin Michigan 

*Stromberg, D. Maurice. . .^. .Illinois Wagner, J. Harold Illinois 

Sturdavant, Forest Illinois Walker, Homer Lee Illinois 

Sutcher, Joseph Aaron Illinois Warshawsky, Manny Michigan 

Talmy, Isaac Illinois Wasson, Joseph S Illinois 

Teeters, Leland Guy Kansas Webb, Murrell A Illinois 

Thompson, David John Illinois Weiner, Samuel Illinois 

Thompson, Geo. A Weiss, John J Illinois 

Washington, D. C. fWeldon, Charles J Illinois 

Thompson, Kay Lee, Jr.. Washington Westenberger, Lorenz H Iowa 

Tomaso, Edmund J Illinois Wheale, John T Indiana 

Toraason, Palmer Wisconsin Williams, G. Hewett Oklahoma 

Tratner, Abe Illinois Wolfson, Sidney Illinois 

Treuman, Harold M Illinois Wood, Norton J Michigan 

Turner, Oscar Illinois Young, Frank Nebraska 

Van Arnam, William Iowa Zimmer, William P Illinois 

POST GRADUATE CLASS 

February, 1919 

Block, David A., D.D.S Colorado 

Bouck, Douglas M., D.D.S Michigan 

*Breisch, Leigh H., D.D.S Pennsylvania 

Brooks, Earl, D.D.S Indiana 

Brown, W. L, D.D.S Missouri 

' Bruening, Edward H., D.D.S Nebraska 

Bruton, R. O., D.D.S Oklahoma 

Burris, O. E., D.D.S Missouri 

Campbell, Archie A., D.D.S Pennsylvania 

Coor, Thomas, D.D.S Texas 

Cooper. Ralph R., D.D.S Kansas 

Crabb, Llovd A., D.D.S Texas 

Curl, W. M., D.D.S Texas 

Dean. Frederick W., D.D.S Michigan 

*Edwards, Z. L., D.D.S North Carolina 

Fallis, W. v., D.D.S North Dakota 

Farnham, E. N., D.D.S Kansas 

Foote, C. T., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Foster, E. D., D.D.S Mississippi 

Fowler, Maurice, D.D.S Missouri 

Gaedcke, Henry E., Jr., D.D.S Texas 

Garner, D. N., D.D.S Mississippi 

*Geannelis, I. E., D.D.S Illinois 

Gilbertson, Theodore L., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Glover, William M., D.D.S Kentucky 

Gravis, Fred L., D.D.S Indiana 

Glessner, E, T., D.D.S Colorado 

Henselmeier, Erwin F., D.D.S Missouri 



^Matriculated but not in attendance. 
tDeceased. 



54 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Hines, L. B., D.D.S California 

Hoag, Arthur E., D.D.S Illinois 

Houston, Trim .^ Texas 

*Ingram, William E., D.D.S Michigan 

*Irwin, V. D., D.D.S Minnesota 

Johnson, W. B., D.D.S Texas 

Keough, William J., D.D.S Kentucky 

Kreamer, Charles W., D.D.S Nebraska 

Main, L. R., D.D.S Missouri 

McCall, W. R., D.D.S Texas 

*McCullough, A. W., D.D.S Pennsylvania 

McMurtry, Louis H., D.D.S California 

*Merritt, W. T., D.D.S Mississippi 

Morgan, H., D.D.S California 

Nishida, S., D.D.S Japan 

Nishon, A. J., D.D.S Michigan 

Nitardy, G. C, D.D.S Wisconsin 

Opitz, Herman Henry, D.D.S Illinois 

Packard, G. J., D.D.S Montana 

Richardson, Elizabeth E., D.D.S California 

Ricks, Alva E., D.D.S Kansas 

Roberts, P. A., D.D.S Texas 

Robertson, A. H., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Robertson, J. F., D.D.S Wisconsin 

Rorer, Clarence G., D.D.S Illinois 

Ruge, M., D.D.S Indiana 

Schaef er, W. C, D.D.S Oregon 

Schulze, H. J., D.D.S Minnesota 

Sigrist, Elmer P., D.D.S Missouri 

Smith, S. S., D.D.S Michigan 

Spalding, George L., D.D.S Indiana 

Sutton, W. P., D.D.S Nebraska 

Takemura, T., D.D.S Illinois 

*Vaughn, James G., D.D.S Arkansas 

Williams, C. Bruce, D.D.S Virginia 

*Wright, J. E., D.D.S Missouri 

Zesch, Leonie Von M., D.D.S Alaska 



*Matriculated but not in attendance. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



DD 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS 



Seniors Juniors 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona i 

Arkansas 

Armenia i 

California 

Canada 4 

Colorado 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Hawaii i 

Idaho I I 

Illinois 70 17 

Indiana 10 2 

Iowa 10 2 

Japan 

Kansas 2 

Kentucky . . 

Lithuania 1 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 7 i 

Minnesota 16 2 

Vlississippi 

Missouri I 

Montana 7 

Nebraska 3 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 12 

Norwav i 

Ohio .' 3 

Oklahoma 

Oregon i 

Pennsylvania i 

Russia I 

South Dakota 11 2 

Tennessee i i 

Texas 2 i 

Utah 12 

Virginia i 

Washington 3 

Wisconsin 13 



Sopho- 


Fresh- 


Post Grad 


- 


mores 


men 


uates 


Total 




I 


I 


2 

I 
2 






I 


I 






4 


4 




I 




5 




I 


2 


4 




2 




2 








I 








3 




I 




3 


24 


124 


5 


240 




23 


4 


46 




8 




22 






I 


I 


3 


5 


3 


13 



I 

32 
29 

3 
II 

13 
7 

I 

21 

2 

7 
2 
2 
7 
I 

20 
4 

12 

12 
4 
5 

27 



95 



67 



2X6 



6', 



578 



3 0112 105753377 



NORTHWESTERN 
University Bulletin is 
published by Northwestern 
University weekly during the 
academic year at Chicago, 
Illinois. Entered as second- 
class mail matter November 
21, 1913, at the post-office at 
Chicago, Illinois, under Act of 
Congress of August 24, 1912. 
Acceptance for mailing at 
special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in Section 1103, Act 
of October 3, 1917, authorized 
on June 14, 1918.